Defining Innovation in Teaching and Learning
The term “Innovation” in teaching and learning is intrinsically quite broad in perspective and there are a number of views on how to define it. In the department of Mechanical Engineering of SKIT – Jaipur, we define it as follows:
“Any teaching strategy, approach, technique, or tool can qualify to be termed as an innovation if it is used, or used in a new way, to produce quantifiable gain for student outcomes or the student experience, and can be implemented widely”
Many of such innovative initiatives taken by faculty and staff of the department can be observed in the Course Files, Laboratory Manuals and other documents that are maintained in the department. Moreover, the availability of ‘DSpace’ in the institute has rendered the three most important tasks related with the establishment of innovative practices namely recording, reviewing and critique, highly effective.
Statement of goals for innovations in teaching and learning
Realizing the necessity of innovative ideas in the teaching-learning process, and their subsequent implementation through quantifiable initiatives, the following goals have been set:
Apart from the standard teaching-learning experience imparted in classrooms, the department will continuously strive to:
- Enrich the learning experience of students through innovative tools and techniques
- Enhance the understanding and knowledge of students with innovative tools and techniques
- Broaden the perspective of students in matters pertaining to academic, contemporary as well as social issues using innovative tools and techniques
- Motivate the students to think, formulate and act innovatively themselves.
Process for identifying and publishing innovative initiatives
The process envisaged in the department for identification and publication of innovations is given in the figure below. The department continuously strives to achieve the goals set towards maintaining the continuity of innovative practices in teaching and learning in accordance with the process flow chart shown.
List of innovative initiatives in teaching and learning process taken by the Department
Innovation is literally done by each dedicated faculty, knowingly or unknowingly; literally every single working day of his/her career. Some initiatives may be so small to escape attention, and might be difficult to quantify and record; but may affect the learning of students in a subtle but important way. On the other hand, some initiatives might be so impactful so as to be clearly visible as making huge strides in improving the teaching-learning process. Given below is a listing of some of the noticeable initiatives taken by the faculty of the department. However, it should not be construed as a conclusive list; but as a part of an open ended process of continuous improvement.
- DSpace submissions: Faculty of the department regularly upload a lot of academically relevant documents on the DSpace repository of SKIT. The portal is directly accessible from the institutional website: http://220.127.116.11:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/29. The submissions include power point presentations, articles, lecture notes, lab manuals and many other useful documents that are beneficial for the students.
- Club activities: There are 4 clubs that are currently being run by the Department of Mechanical Engineering:
(i) SAEINDIA collegiate club : http://www.skit.ac.in/students-s-life/saeindia-collegiate-club.html
(ii) Robotics club : http://www.skit.ac.in/students-s-life/robotics-club.html
(iii) ASME student section : http://www.skit.ac.in/students-s-life/asme-student-section.html
(iv) Renewable energy club : http://www.skit.ac.in/students-s-life/renewable-energy-club.html
Various club activities in these clubs act as excellent grounds for innovative learning. In these clubs, the faculty are not the only disseminators of knowledge; senior students (older club members) pass on their knowledge and learning to the younger generation (new club entrants) via a continuous ritual-like process, which includes hands-on training, presentations, lectures, group discussions and many other innovative procedures. These clubs with their club activities literally act as the most fertile grounds for innovations in the teaching-learning process.
- Virtual labs: In certain labs, for instance the vibration engineering lab, some relevant experiments are conducted online on web browsers with the help of simulators. Such online facilities are called as virtual labs (http://www.vlab.co.in/), and are a part of an excellent innovative initiative taken by the MHRD of India.
- MOOCS: MOOCS or Massive open online courses are a relatively new entry in the academic sector throughout the world. Although the role of MOOCs in effective dissemination of knowledge is still under debate, they are speedily gaining unquestioned acceptance in more and more academic circles as an innovative means of imparting additional knowledge to students. Here at SKIT, we support augmenting our own efforts of effective delivery by MOOCs available through agencies like NPTEL and SWAYAM.
- Group leaders in lab sessions: This initiative has proved to be highly effective in lab sessions. A group leader is selected for each group working on an experiment in each lab session. The group leader is made responsible for all the outcomes of the lab session of that particular day. Every week in the lab, the group leader is changed so as to pass the responsibility to each student by the end of semester. This inculcates leadership and responsibility in students.
- Miniature scale models: In many relevant subjects, faculty encourage the students to make miniature working models of mechanisms and machine components. Thus enhancing interest and level of learning.
- Power point presentations: Use of this widely accepted technique is done wherever deemed necessary in the department. This has actually become a standard norm in the teaching-learning process, and is facilitated by the fact that all our classrooms are well-equipped with high quality projectors ready for use any time.
- Additional effort for weak students: Students unable to score well in the term exams are identified and are given more attention by faculty. In many cases, they are tasked with additional assignments to enhance their understanding of respective subjects.
- Unit tests: Apart from the two mid-term tests (prescribed as a standard); students are required to face three additional unit tests (covering the complete syllabus) for each subject. These unit tests are developed in the format of common competitive tests (objective tests) to prepare the students for such future exams.
- E-mail correspondence with students: Faculty frequently engages in e-mail correspondence with the students to share notes, remarks, assignments and test results. This significantly boosts the out-of-class learning experience of students.
- Student presentations: In many relevant subjects, students deliver presentations to the rest of their classmates. This significantly boosts students’ confidence and their learning experience.
- Google sites: Faculty have also created their own Google sites wherein they upload study material relevant to their own subjects. The links are shared with the students and the contents are openly accessed by all students.
- Overlay transparencies: A highly innovative idea, wherein the old concept of OHPs (over head projectors) is augmented by preparing transparent sheets in combination groups in such a way that when the sheets are progressively placed one over the other; they provide continuity to diagrammatic presentations. This is quite an innovative way to deliver complex topics.
- Audio-visual learning: In many subjects (wherever necessary) audio-visual aids are used. It is a proved fact that audio-visual presentations in the classrooms are more effective in capturing the attention of students.
- Classroom quiz sessions: These help in creating interest by breaking monotony of regular classes while enhancing the learning experience.
- Adherence to Bloom’s taxonomy: The mid-term tests for all subjects in the department are made in strict adherence to the Bloom’s taxonomy. This ensures that the learning as well as the assessment mechanism is based on standard practices of the academic fraternity worldwide.
- Personal counselling: This has helped many students in dealing with academic as well as personal problems in the department. Every faculty in the department acts as a counsellor to any student with any problem he/she is willing to share.
- Library assignments: Students are set such assignments from time to time; wherein they are required to research certain topics from the resources available in the institute library and finally submit a report.
Some sample innovations by the department can be seen here : Sample Innovations (Working Models and Charts)